Phases of cancer clinical trials
Treatments trials are a type of Cancer Clinical Study that tests new treatments, new combinations of treatments, and new combinations of drugs or new approaches to surgery or radiation therapy.
There are four phases of treatment studies including:
Researchers test a new drug or treatment in a small group of patients (usually 20 to 80 total) for the first time to determine safety, the safe dosage range for the treatment and identify any side effects.
The studied drug or treatment is given to a larger group of patients (usually 100 to 300 people) to see if it is effective and to further determine its safety.
The studied drug or treatment is given to large numbers of patients (usually 1,000 to 3,000 or more) to confirm its effectiveness, monitor side effects, compare it to commonly used treatments and to collect data that will allow the treatment to be sued safely.
After a drug or treatment is on the market, this phase is used to gather additional information about the drug or treatment, including its risks, benefits and the best way to use the treatment.